Battery plant technology: Cost-efficient battery production
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High volumes are required

Hogh volumes are required

And it’s a field where progress is urgently needed. Predictions on exactly how the market for hybrid and electric vehicles will develop in the future vary depending on which analysts or research institutes issued them, but automotive OEMs such as Daimler, BMW, and Renault now need batteries in quantities that can no longer be provided by the current production methods – or at least not cost efficiently.

Battery cell production requires extreme precision

Battery cell production requires extreme precision

Production of the actual battery cell is a major challenge. The mechanical processes involved – coating, cutting, stacking, winding, and packing – may appear simple at first glance, but they need to be automated, fast, and yet also deliver extremely high precision. One example is coating the substrate foils for the electrode material: Graphite is applied to copper for the anode, and lithium oxide to aluminum for the cathode. The foils, themselves only around ten micrometers thick, require an even coating thickness of between 150 and 300 micrometers.